Canine vector-borne diseases (CVBDs) are caused by a range of pathogens transmitted to dogs by blood-feeding arthropods, e.g. ticks, fleas, mosquitoes and sand flies. The CVBDs commonly diagnosed are anaplasmosis, babesiosis, bartonellosis, borreliosis, dirofilariosis, ehrlichiosis and leishmaniosis. Many of these diseases can cause serious, even life-threatening clinical conditions in dogs, with a number having zoonotic potential, affecting the human population
CVBDs represent a substantial diagnostic challenge for veterinarians because of the long incubation periods, non-specific clinical signs, and co-infections with multiple pathogens simultaneously. Therefore, veterinarians are increasingly identifying dogs with multiple simultaneous vector-borne infections that appear to be more likely to develop disease manifestations and can have more pronounced pathology involving internal organs. Since prevalent CVBDs are different in global distribution, veterinarians usually detect different CVBDs based on prevalence of CVBDs in their areas.
To meet the need for detecting CVBDs at different regions, Bioguard has developed different single and combo rapid tests for years. Currently, we provide single tests for detecting Leishmania Ab, Ehrlichia canis Ab, Babesia gibsoni Ab, or CHW Ag. Also, we offer one 2-in-1 and three 4-in-1 rapid tests that have been validated extensively for detection of antibodies to Leishmania infantum, B. gibosoni, Borrelia burgdorferi, Anaplasma phagocytophilum, A. platys, E. canis, and antigen of Dirofilaria immitis(heartworm). The specific CVBDs detected by Bioguard’s different combo test kits are listed in the table below.
Canine vector-borne diseases detected by Bioguard’s combo test kits